The symptoms and treatment of urethritis in men

Urethritis is the inflammation process that can occur in the walls of the urethra. The disease is diagnosed very often, and can identify any person, regardless of age and gender. Its causes are very various: from the non-compliance with the personal hygiene to lesions in the urethra of different pathogens. How to treat urethritis in men?

urethritis in men

Characteristics of the disease in men

Men and women the disease has different manifestations, which is associated with the peculiarities of his system urogenital. And if the female urethritis is virtually without symptoms, inflammation of the urethra in men is accompanied by different sensations unpleasant.

The reason for the activation of the inflammatory process, according to the doctors are mainly sexual infections. The first manifestation of the disease is the weakness of the body. Your man can feel after only a few hours after the ingestion of pathogenic microorganism. Exists and non-infectious causes of disease (trauma, allergic reaction, malnutrition, or personal hygiene, etc.), but occur very rarely.

It is important to start the treatment of inflammation in the initial phase of its development, as urethritis may lead to the development of the pathologies of the system, urogenital and reproductive disorders.

Reasons

The main causes that cause development of urethritis in men doctors include:

  1. Diseases that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse without a condom (herpes, HPV, gonorrhea, Trichomonas, Ureaplasma, chlamydia, etc.). Basically, the inflammation of the urethra is only a symptom of the infections of this type.
  2. Violation of metabolic processes (especially in the pelvic area).
  3. The effects on the body of various toxic substances.
  4. Stagnant processes in the pelvic area. The appearance of stagnation of venous blood is preceded by constipation, hemorrhoids, practice of the interruption of the sexual relationship.
  5. Allergy, which can cause the food, personal hygiene or taking medications.
  6. A large number of acidic and salty with lots of spices in the diet, which can irritate the mucous membranes.

To provoke inflammation can the following factors:

  • Hypothermia.
  • Promiscuous.
  • Stress.
  • Physical or mental and emotional fatigue.
  • The malnutrition.
  • Damage to the walls of the urethra as a result of the mechanical impact (medical, manipulations, etc.).

Classification of urethritis

According primacy to the development of the inflammation, the disease is:

  1. Primary infection develops directly in the urethra.
  2. The secondary focus of infection become other organs. Along with the bloodstream, pathogens are able to penetrate into the urethra.
urethritis and cystitis in males

Urethritis and cystitis

These two diseases are very often accompany each other, so that patients often confuse them, to take one thing for another. But, it turns out that they have significant differences.

In the first place, is the place where there is inflammation. If urethritis inflammation of the mucosa of the urethra, and in time cystitis, which are exposed in the wall of the bladder.

The differences of the urethritis and cystitis and have symptoms of the disease. In cystitis, the urine has an unpleasant smell and becomes cloudy. On the other hand, in men who have urethritis, there is the General weakness of the body.

Symptoms

The first signs of urethritis in men can take place in different moments: a couple of hours later (disease allergic), through 3-21 day (if caused by pathogens, depending on the type of pathogen) in a few months (viral urethritis) or even several years (tuberculosis hospital).

The characteristic manifestations of the disease are:

  • Painful urination.
  • Discharge from the urethra (the nature of which is associated with the type of pathogen).
  • Sensation of burning and itching of the penis.

When the pathology becomes chronic, the symptoms can disappear completely, except for a slight discomfort in the groin area.

Complications

If you see any signs of inflammation of the urethra, the man, it is important to take the full course of treatment. If you leave the hospital unattended, the disease can lead to serious consequences. This is reflected in the fact that the inflammatory process may spread to the testes, scrotum and the gland of the prostate.

One of the complications of the disease — prostatitis

The main complications of urethritis in men include prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis. Prolonged lack of treatment often leads to a malfunction of the reproductive system.

Diagnosis

Noticing any symptoms of urethritis, men must visit a doctor who will prescribe the necessary examination and will be able to make an accurate diagnosis. It is on the basis of the diagnostic data is prescribed treatment of the urethritis.

During the exam, the urologist will palpate the urethra for its stamps and soreness, check inguinal lymph nodes. In addition, we will study the application and determine if there is inflammation.

For accurate diagnosis, the man will have to pass a few exams and tests:

  1. The sample is taken to the walls of the urethra.
  2. Analysis of urine and blood.
  3. Bacterial cultures for identification and antibiotic sensitivity.
  4. The study of the urethra.
  5. PCR (analysis allows us to identify the specific pathogen, which is especially important for the treatment).
  6. Screening of syphilis and HIV.

Treatment

urethritis treatment

Before to appoint certain drugs for the treatment of urethritis in men, the physician should pay attention to the patient that for the entire period of therapy is necessary to completely eliminate the sex. This includes not only classic sex, but also oral sex and even Masturbation. In the event that the development of the disease was cause infections that can be transmitted sexually, compulsory treatment should be the partner of the man.

It is also important to follow a special diet. During this period, we have to completely eliminate your diet of spices, pickles, oily, salty and spicy food. It is forbidden to drink alcohol. To speed up the process of recovery during treatment, you need to keep drinking regime. You should daily drink at least 2 liters of pure water without gas.

Antibiotic therapy

Treatment of the urethritis is always based on the use of antibiotics to cure the disease impossible. The name of the drug and its dose must be determined by the doctor based on the test results. Each of the potential agents is their sensitivity to antibacterial preparations, so that the common antibiotics for the infection from the bladder to be treated is not suitable.

Antiseptics

To reduce the pain, men prescribed antiseptic preparations. It can be as medicines in the form of tablets and local funds.

Candles and ointments

To speed up the healing process help the local drugs that are used in conjunction with antibacterial therapy. Rectal candles on their effectiveness in comparison with injections.

Immunomodulators

To restore the protection of the forces of the body, the doctor prescribes the patient immunomodulators. They are always included in the main course of treatment, as the decrease of the immunity is considered to be one of the main reasons for the development of the disease. You need to have in addition to antimicrobials to support the immune system.

Vitamin

During the treatment of urethritis, male it is important to eliminate the deficit of vitamins and minerals. Therefore, the doctor may prescribe medicines (multivitamin preparations with a high content of vitamins A, C, D and e to Replenish the supply of vitamins in the body helps to a balanced diet and enrichment the diet of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Folk remedies

It is important to understand that to completely cure the disease folk remedies impossible. However, its use along with the medication helps to prevent relapse and accelerate recovery. This can be used decoctions and infusions of herbs that you can prepare at home:

  1. The infusion made from the leaves of black currant. This tool has an effect antiseptic and helps enrich the body with vitamins. To cook 3 tablespoons of dried leaves pour 250 ml of boiling water and leave to cool. After this infusion is filtered, and take 15 minutes before meals three times a day.
  2. A decoction of oak bark. This tool eliminates the pain and burning sensation, which appear at the time of urination. For cooking 1 tablespoon of raw materials, pour 250 ml of boiling water, and kept in a water bath for 20 minutes. After cooling, the decoction is filtered and accepted on 1 tablespoon before each meal. Use the broth also for baths of seat.
  3. Infusion of cornflower. To prepare 1 teaspoon of dried flowers pour 250 ml of boiling water and infused for at least 1 hour. After that, the medium is filtered and taken three times a day before meals for 2 tablespoons. Medicine helps to relieve swelling and normalize the microflora.

Urethritis in children

Inflammation of the urethra can not only affect adults. Urethritis in children, not less common. Because of the appearance and for both communicable and non-communicable factors. For infectious considers that once in the urethra of bacteria, viruses, gonococci, Trichomonas, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma. Among the non-infectious factors is dominated by a trauma (passing through the urethra stones or medical procedures), allergic reactions and congestive processes in the pelvic area. In addition to its appearance can cause a reduction of the urethra.

The symptoms in children is always associated with sex. Children are the most characteristic burning sensation during urination, itching in penis, discharge (white or with mucus) and the presence in the urine of the blood. In girls, the disease manifests itself by the frequent need to urinate, and pain in the abdomen.

urethritis diagnosis

Diagnosis by the urine, and secretions of the urethra. If the doctor suspects a chronic form of the disease, the child will take place urethroscopy.

The treatment was carried out in function of the shape of the disease. In the case of the acute phase of the urethritis with antibiotics that are suitable for certain age groups. In the case of diagnosing chronic forms, in addition to the use of antibiotics, the patient is administered medications to maintain immunity and the introduction of the drug into the urethra.

After the treatment, the child should review. Along with the medication, the child needs a special diet (with the exception of smoked, spicy and salty) and drink regime.

In the absence of treatment in the initial phase of the disease, urethritis, the child may go into a chronic form, when cured becomes much more difficult.

Prevention

Any disease, including urethritis, it is easier to avoid than to face its consequences. For this man, it is important to follow certain preventive guidelines:

  • Strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene.
  • Underwear made of natural materials.
  • Avoid the use of other people, to things of individual use (towels, sheets etc.). Therefore, it is possible to get infected by various infections and fungi.
  • To abandon promiscuity. Have a permanent partner. In case of contact with a casual partner, it is important to use barrier methods of contraception (condom).
  • Periodically (at least 2 times a year) the man has to submit to examination preventive to a urologist. This should be done, even if it's nothing to be concerned, because many infections are able to not manifest itself, however, due to the fact that the male body irreparable damage.
  • Timely treatment for any genital infections and diseases caused by fungi. This is due to the fact that they are able to give complication in the urethra, causing the development of urethritis.
  • To prevent hypothermia, especially in the genital area.
  • To protect the genitals from possible injury.
  • Avoid excessive physical and emotional fatigue.
  • To give yourself the proper nutrition with enough vitamins and minerals in the food.
  • To observe the drinking regime and drink during the day at least 2 liters of pure water without gas.
  • To get rid of bad habits or to reduce them to a minimum.
  • To avoid the delay of urination and of the first need to completely empty the bladder.
  • To harden the body and use vitamins for immune support.
urethritis in children

Every year a large number of men in the face of this diagnosis, urethritis. Due to the inflammation of the urethra can be a number of reasons. The most common are infections that can be transmitted sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, the release of allergic and traumatic urethritis not associated with entering the urethra pathogens.

No matter what was the cause of the inflammatory process, the disease requires treatment required, which can be assigned only by a physician after performing a comprehensive diagnosis and identify the causative agent. All medical advice should be strictly observed by the patient. This is due to the fact that the urethritis difficult to treat, and if a therapy course to the end, relapse, transfer of the urethritis chronic or develop complications.

09.04.2019