Urethritis is the inflammation process that can occur in the walls of the urethra. The disease is diagnosed very often, and can identify any person, regardless of age and gender. Its causes are very various: from the non-compliance with the personal hygiene to lesions in the urethra of different pathogens. How to treat urethritis in men?
Men and women the disease has different manifestations, which is associated with the peculiarities of his system urogenital. And if the female urethritis is virtually without symptoms, inflammation of the urethra in men is accompanied by different sensations unpleasant.
The reason for the activation of the inflammatory process, according to the doctors are mainly sexual infections. The first manifestation of the disease is the weakness of the body. Your man can feel after only a few hours after the ingestion of pathogenic microorganism. Exists and non-infectious causes of disease (trauma, allergic reaction, malnutrition, or personal hygiene, etc.), but occur very rarely.
It is important to start the treatment of inflammation in the initial phase of its development, as urethritis may lead to the development of the pathologies of the system, urogenital and reproductive disorders.
The main causes that cause development of urethritis in men doctors include:
To provoke inflammation can the following factors:
According primacy to the development of the inflammation, the disease is:
These two diseases are very often accompany each other, so that patients often confuse them, to take one thing for another. But, it turns out that they have significant differences.
In the first place, is the place where there is inflammation. If urethritis inflammation of the mucosa of the urethra, and in time cystitis, which are exposed in the wall of the bladder.
The differences of the urethritis and cystitis and have symptoms of the disease. In cystitis, the urine has an unpleasant smell and becomes cloudy. On the other hand, in men who have urethritis, there is the General weakness of the body.
The first signs of urethritis in men can take place in different moments: a couple of hours later (disease allergic), through 3-21 day (if caused by pathogens, depending on the type of pathogen) in a few months (viral urethritis) or even several years (tuberculosis hospital).
The characteristic manifestations of the disease are:
When the pathology becomes chronic, the symptoms can disappear completely, except for a slight discomfort in the groin area.
If you see any signs of inflammation of the urethra, the man, it is important to take the full course of treatment. If you leave the hospital unattended, the disease can lead to serious consequences. This is reflected in the fact that the inflammatory process may spread to the testes, scrotum and the gland of the prostate.
One of the complications of the disease — prostatitis
The main complications of urethritis in men include prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis. Prolonged lack of treatment often leads to a malfunction of the reproductive system.
Noticing any symptoms of urethritis, men must visit a doctor who will prescribe the necessary examination and will be able to make an accurate diagnosis. It is on the basis of the diagnostic data is prescribed treatment of the urethritis.
During the exam, the urologist will palpate the urethra for its stamps and soreness, check inguinal lymph nodes. In addition, we will study the application and determine if there is inflammation.
For accurate diagnosis, the man will have to pass a few exams and tests:
Before to appoint certain drugs for the treatment of urethritis in men, the physician should pay attention to the patient that for the entire period of therapy is necessary to completely eliminate the sex. This includes not only classic sex, but also oral sex and even Masturbation. In the event that the development of the disease was cause infections that can be transmitted sexually, compulsory treatment should be the partner of the man.
It is also important to follow a special diet. During this period, we have to completely eliminate your diet of spices, pickles, oily, salty and spicy food. It is forbidden to drink alcohol. To speed up the process of recovery during treatment, you need to keep drinking regime. You should daily drink at least 2 liters of pure water without gas.
Treatment of the urethritis is always based on the use of antibiotics to cure the disease impossible. The name of the drug and its dose must be determined by the doctor based on the test results. Each of the potential agents is their sensitivity to antibacterial preparations, so that the common antibiotics for the infection from the bladder to be treated is not suitable.
To reduce the pain, men prescribed antiseptic preparations. It can be as medicines in the form of tablets and local funds.
To speed up the healing process help the local drugs that are used in conjunction with antibacterial therapy. Rectal candles on their effectiveness in comparison with injections.
To restore the protection of the forces of the body, the doctor prescribes the patient immunomodulators. They are always included in the main course of treatment, as the decrease of the immunity is considered to be one of the main reasons for the development of the disease. You need to have in addition to antimicrobials to support the immune system.
During the treatment of urethritis, male it is important to eliminate the deficit of vitamins and minerals. Therefore, the doctor may prescribe medicines (multivitamin preparations with a high content of vitamins A, C, D and e to Replenish the supply of vitamins in the body helps to a balanced diet and enrichment the diet of fresh fruits and vegetables.
It is important to understand that to completely cure the disease folk remedies impossible. However, its use along with the medication helps to prevent relapse and accelerate recovery. This can be used decoctions and infusions of herbs that you can prepare at home:
Inflammation of the urethra can not only affect adults. Urethritis in children, not less common. Because of the appearance and for both communicable and non-communicable factors. For infectious considers that once in the urethra of bacteria, viruses, gonococci, Trichomonas, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma. Among the non-infectious factors is dominated by a trauma (passing through the urethra stones or medical procedures), allergic reactions and congestive processes in the pelvic area. In addition to its appearance can cause a reduction of the urethra.
The symptoms in children is always associated with sex. Children are the most characteristic burning sensation during urination, itching in penis, discharge (white or with mucus) and the presence in the urine of the blood. In girls, the disease manifests itself by the frequent need to urinate, and pain in the abdomen.
Diagnosis by the urine, and secretions of the urethra. If the doctor suspects a chronic form of the disease, the child will take place urethroscopy.
The treatment was carried out in function of the shape of the disease. In the case of the acute phase of the urethritis with antibiotics that are suitable for certain age groups. In the case of diagnosing chronic forms, in addition to the use of antibiotics, the patient is administered medications to maintain immunity and the introduction of the drug into the urethra.
After the treatment, the child should review. Along with the medication, the child needs a special diet (with the exception of smoked, spicy and salty) and drink regime.
In the absence of treatment in the initial phase of the disease, urethritis, the child may go into a chronic form, when cured becomes much more difficult.
Any disease, including urethritis, it is easier to avoid than to face its consequences. For this man, it is important to follow certain preventive guidelines:
Every year a large number of men in the face of this diagnosis, urethritis. Due to the inflammation of the urethra can be a number of reasons. The most common are infections that can be transmitted sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, the release of allergic and traumatic urethritis not associated with entering the urethra pathogens.
No matter what was the cause of the inflammatory process, the disease requires treatment required, which can be assigned only by a physician after performing a comprehensive diagnosis and identify the causative agent. All medical advice should be strictly observed by the patient. This is due to the fact that the urethritis difficult to treat, and if a therapy course to the end, relapse, transfer of the urethritis chronic or develop complications.