The urethra is the canal where urine into the environment during urination. Inflammation of the urethra, which can cause trauma to the mechanical, hypothermia, various types of bacteria, fungi and viruses it is called urethritis. The disease affected the two sexes equally. The infection in the majority of cases is transmitted through sexual contact.
The symptoms of urethritis
The duration of treatment and choice of antibiotic therapy depends on the characteristics of the flow of the urethritis and its intensity. In men, the disease is more serious.
Non-infectious urethritis is manifested in the first few days. The symptoms of infectious urethritis can occur within 1-3 weeks or a few years (tuberculous urethritis) – it all depends on the type of pathogen.
The main symptoms are:
- itching and burning sensation at time of urination;
- acute pain in the penis;
- specific discharge with an unpleasant odor;
- spotting when urinating;
- swelling of the genitals and a little bit of redness;
- frequent need to urinate.
When the first symptoms should consult immediately an urologist for the examination.
Attention! If the time of the disease is not treated, can become chronic and cause complications. This will lead to more serious consequences: inflammation of the testes, cystitis, infertility, etc.
To be able to prescribe the most suitable treatment, you should understand what types of urethritis are. It is divided into infectious and non-infectious.
Gonorrheal urethritis. Accompanied by a strong pain at the time of urination. The color of the urine becomes turbid from the presence of blood. The mucus turns yellow.
Virus. In these cases, the symptoms are mild. Can cause conjunctivitis and inflammation of the joints.
Bacterial. The symptoms can occur after several months of being infected. The Pus have a foul odor and green color.
Trichomonas. There is a constant need to urinate accompanied with pain and itching and burning in the top of the penis. Selection of be a gray color.
Chlamydia. In the majority of cases, the symptoms are absent. You can present a small selection. Usually occurs in the form of chronic.
Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis of the kidneys and genitals can cause urethritis. The symptoms are mild and are accompanied by fatigue, sweating, and low fever.
- congestio ;
Congestio urethritis. Rarely accompanied by symptoms of infectious urethritis. There has been a violation of the functions of the genital organs.
Traumatic. The symptoms depend on the type of injury. There is pain and burning sensation at time of urination.
Allergic. The main symptom is the presence of edema, which is accompanied by itching and burning in the region of the penis.
The therapy prescribed only after passing all the necessary tests and identify the type of urethritis. The drugs are selected in accordance with the individual characteristics and the complexity of the disease.
During the course of the medication that the patient should give up spicy, salty foods and alcohol. Best of all, if the doctor will prescribe a specific diet.
Important! Even if the symptoms disappear, discontinue the treatment, as it can lead to complications and the disease will take a chronic form.
In the complex therapy for the treatment prescribed:
- The immunomodulators.
- The antihistamines.
Note! In combination with drug therapy can be used folk remedies in the form of decoctions, infusions, and lotions that can be very effective.
Treatment of the urethritis
For the entire period of treatment should abandon sexual intercourse or use barrier types of contraception. The couple also has to pass a series of tests to identify urethritis and treatment. In the first place, to fight against the disease and prescribe antibiotic therapy. There are several types of antibiotics at the same time, in the presence of certain complications.
Attention! Need expert advice for antibiotic treatment. Self-prescribing can lead to wrong course of treatment.
In addition to the antibiotic therapy, the patient is usually prescribed antimicrobials.
Antihistamines are prescribed mainly in allergic urethritis.After a course of antibiotics should undergo treatment with probiotics to restore the normal microflora, and also recommended vitamins. To restore the normal functioning of the body after the treatment, can be administered immunomodulators. The most famous is the drug Polyoxidonium, which can be applied at the time of the antibiotic therapy and after.
As additional treatment can be applied pill of plant origin. Herbal drug is able to exert diuretic and microbial activity to reduce pain and inflammation and improves kidney and strengthens the effects of antibiotics.
Often patients that have a chronic form of the disease, turn to the doctors homeopaths. Homeopaths claim that the treatment of urethritis homeopathic remedies are not less effective than those antibiotics. During the treatment, the doctors warn that the symptoms may return in an aggravated form, and then comes the recovery period. The Experts point to the presence of many positive comments from patients, after the treatment with homeopathy.
The traditional methods of treatment of urethritis
The use of traditional methods in the treatment of the disease can be used as additional funds for a faster recovery.
Widely used the infusion of the roots of the couch grass, has a good anti-inflammatory action.
- For its preparation take 4 teaspoons of rhizome and pour a glass of cold water and let soak for the night.
- In the morning dump the water and brew the rhizomes Cup of boiling water. Tool drink during the day, divided into four doses.
Parsley is also effective to relieve the symptoms and the cure. For the preparation of herbal remedies, take a tablespoon of raw and steamed 0,5 litres of hot water. After a couple of hours, decant the infusion and apply it to 3 tablespoons d'. l'. 5-6 times a day.
Good results in the treatment is an infusion of the bark of oak, which is used as a lotion.
- In a Cup of boiling water brew a tablespoon of the bark and infuse for several hours.
- The infusion resulting is used topically.
- The procedure cannot be repeated more than three consecutive days. This period is also recommended to abstain from sexual contact.
For the relief of symptoms can also help decoctions of the leaves of currant and fruit drinks made from its fruits. To prepare the broth in a Cup of boiling water brew 1 tablespoon of raw materials, and insist in a few hours. Decoction drink during the day. We recommend the use of cranberry and its juice to alleviate the inflammatory process. It also helps in the treatment of urethritis herbal teas, which apply to both infectious and non-infectious urethritis.
- To prepare the broth take the herb St. John's wort, chamomile, black elderberry and cornflower blue a spoon of each component. The mixture of dry brewed Cup of boiling water and leave to infuse for an hour. All of the infusion it is recommended to drink before going to sleep.
- Lime blossom can also be used in the treatment of the urethritis as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory drugs. A decoction of lime flowers can relieve the symptoms of cramps. Linden flowers (2 tablespoons) pour boiling water (500ml.) and insist on half an hour. All the infusion is used before sleep.
Widely used for the treatment of the urethritis leaves of blueberry. Have diuretic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory action.
- To prepare the broth, use 2 tablespoons of dried leaves, pour a glass of boiling water.
- Infusion, leave for 20 minutes and then filtered.
- It is recommended to consume 2 tablespoons before each meal.
The course of treatment and herbs is 25-30 days, because I need a break of 2 weeks. Since most urethritis is sexually transmitted, the male is extremely wary of random links.
- You should use a barrier of protection that can protect against the infection.
- Also you need to carry out regular procedures of hygiene to prevent the infection inside the genitals.
- In the case of infection, there must be medical therapy simultaneously with regular partner to avoid relapse (with infectious urethritis).
- To prevent non-infectious urethritis, it is recommended to avoid hypothermia and serious physical exertion. Recommended time to empty the bladder when urinating.
Urethritis, treatment of which should appoint only a doctor can occur in both sexes. However, in women, the inflammation is accompanied by less discomfort. This is due, mainly, to the fact that the length of the urethra male is about 6 times more than women.
As there is urethritis in men? The cause of the disease, as a general rule, mechanical trauma, or infection. The injury can occur when carrying out medical procedures or in the presence of urolithiasis. The infection can occur during sexual contact if the partner is sick of You. Because of the lack of hygiene, can also cause urethritis in men (treatment: antibiotics and other drugs in pathology should be appointed a specialist). In this case, examination by doctor. Also, pathology can develop as a result of hypothermia. In this case there is a decrease of immunity. As a result, pathogenic microorganisms are starting to work actively and often freely penetrate into the human body. If the treatment of urethritis in men is not carried out in time, likely complications, such as inflammation of the prostate, the testicles, and even infertility.
Urethritis in males of this species refers to any type. The inflammation is a consequence of the activities of the different microorganisms. In General, the pathogens are E. coli, Streptococcus, chlamydia. When the inflammation of the urethra may appear download purulent.
Another name pathology – candidal urethritis. In men is relatively rare. Pathology occurs in patients with diabetes. Also mycotic form can develop due to prolonged antibiotic treatment. Pathology is accompanied by a white or watery discharge, and mild symptoms. As the complications can be prostatitis.
The pathology of this type is activated by pathogens that is different from the specific (chlamydia, herpes, and others), or multiple organisms at the same time. This area today is not well studied. Specialists in the search of the probable causes of this disease. Presumably, it could be prostatitis or an allergic reaction.
This disease, caused by the penetration in the organism gram-negative diplococci. These pathogens are not only spectacular in the urethra, but also infect the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system. In gonorrheal urethritis marked redness of the output, the seal on the head, and discharge purulent, burning, sharp pain.
This form is characterized by asymptomatic or accompanied by discharge purulent, swelling of the shot, redness. Latent period of disease is dangerous. It can become a provoking factor for subsequent infection of sexual partners. Men who have frequent unprotected sex with different partners, should regularly visit a specialist.
Alert attitude to the manifestation of a disease to avoid long-term treatment of urethritis in men. The main signs of the disease are:
- Burning, acute pain in the process of emission of urine, itching.
- Download, having, as a general rule, unpleasant the smell.
- Hyperthermia (sometimes).
The incubation period after which there are signs of pathology depends on the form of the disease and can vary from several hours (when allergic) to several years (under the TB). If you suspect that the illness should seek medical attention immediately. The specialist to determine the type of pathology and prescribing therapeutic measures.
At the time of examination are appointed:
- An analysis of blood.
- The research on sexually transmitted diseases.
- Urinalysis (reveals the level of white blood cells).
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Analysis to determine the sensitivity of pathogens to antibiotics.
If you do not spend a timely treatment of urethritis in men, the disease may take a chronic character. This, in turn, full of serious complications. One of the most serious consequences is considered to be prostatitis. This pathology is characterized by inflammation of the gland of the prostate. Also in chronic urethritis the urethra is narrowed, inflamed testicles and the seminal vesicles.
As is the treatment of urethritis in men? Agents that are assigned to a specialist aimed at the destruction of the pathogen of the disease, the removal of the symptoms of the disease. In the treatment includes the drugs of groups such as antioxidants, antiseptics, tools, immunotherapy, immunomodulators, antibiotics. The medications are appointed both locally and by mouth. The dose and dosage regimen is prescribed by a doctor. To eliminate and avoid the side effects recommend antihistamines. During treatment should observe proper nutrition, give up bad habits, eliminate the alcohol.