Urethritis is a disease that is characterized by the manifestation of the inflammatory process in the urethra. The most surprising symptoms of urethritis are expressed sensations during urination and the appearance of the upper part of the urethra. This disease is diagnosed in patients of both sexes.
Types of urethritis
Urethritis is an infectious disease, therefore, its development is the result of exposure to an agent infectious. This type of errors can be viruses, fungi, bacteria, etc. Particularly, in exceptional cases, the disease, the radiation, toxic, allergic and other diseases.
According to, because of the impact of a pathogen develops urethritis, distinguish between two different types of the disease: urethritis, specific and non-specific. In the first case the appearance of specific urethritis cause sexual infections (chlamydia, gonococcus, Ureaplasma, etc.) These infections can be combined with exposure to other viruses, fungi, bacteria, in the body can be multiple infections. In this case, the disease is complicated by the fact that, as a general rule, people don't fix when the acute phase of the disease in chronic.
Non-specific urethritis is manifested due to the impact of conditionally pathogenic microflora. Its appearance is caused by staphylococci, streptococci, E. coli, fungi, etc. the Disease in both cases, it develops and manifests itself in practically the same way. But it is important to bear in mind that in case of detection of a sexually transmitted infection all sexual partners of the patient should be screened and treated.
Features of the urethritis
As a general rule, the manifestation of the specific urethritis occurs after intercourse. However, it happens that a person infected and for a time becomes a vehicle of infection. In this case, the disease can manifest at any time. Because sexual contact can occur, and nonspecific urethritis.
The reason for the development of the inflammatory process in the urethra to become failure immunity of the channel of the wall. The urethra is constantly infected, getting an infection via the blood, from the bowel, the skin, from other places. Especially severe infection occurs during sexual relations. Therefore, while the wall of the urethra can cope with the infection, the disease does not develop. But at the slightest alteration of the mechanisms of protection of the inflammation, which is accompanied by all the attending symptoms.
There are a number of factors, which often become predisposing in the process of the disease. First of all urethritis in men, and in women can occur for a or continuous exposure. In the occurrence of urethritis is affected by the presence of urolithiasis. When the sand or the stone moves through the urethra, it is possible to injury the walls and the subsequent appearance of the urethritis. Predispose to the disease of the penis trauma, too strenuous exercise, irregular sexual life. However, too high in sexual activity and frequent change of partners could also enable the development of the disease. It is not recommended too often eat spicy food, and salty, sour dishes, pickled vegetables, large quantities of alcohol. Enter in the urine, substances of this type of foods that may irritate the wall of the channel. At the end there may be inflammation or show the progression of the disease.
Provoking factor symptoms of urethritis often become insufficient drinking: irregular urination cause the delay of the bacteria in the body, because the urine washes away from the wall of the bladder. At some time between trips to the toilet the risk of inflammation is significantly higher. Also urethritis can occur in the background of the chronic inflammation occurring in the body.
Therefore, there are many factors that may later become crucial in the development of urethritis. Consequently, this disease can affect any person.
The symptoms of urethritis
At the beginning of the disease are manifested pronounced symptoms of urethritis: pain and itching, burning sensation and itching during urination. Also in the process of urination a person can feel any other uncomfortable symptoms. These feelings arise in the genitals, and the perineum.
Another symptom of urethritis is the appearance of the discharge from the urethra. May have varied. Therefore, depending on what type of pathogen caused the urethritis, the download are very abundant or very scarce. During the acute illness to the edge of the outside of the hole, it can become inflamed and stick together. However, in some cases, the development of urethritis in general not accompanied by secretions.
Each subsequent exacerbation of the disease, the inflammation affects increasingly important part of the membrane lining of the urethra. Therefore, the symptoms of the urethritis with every exacerbation are becoming more pronounced. Therefore, if the disease is not treated with right methods, you may receive the complications of the urethritis.
If we take into account the symptoms of the urethritis from the point of view of its manifestations in each of the types of disease, some notable differences in the clinical picture.
Thus, in the urethritis acute, in both men and women main symptom is intense burning and pain during urination, the presence of abundant discharge from the urethra, the swelling and visible redness of the lips of the urethra. For torpid urethritis are observed subjective disorders. Do not appear clearly in some cases disappeared completely.
In the case of subacute urethritis, is a reduction of pain and inflammation of the urethra also decreases the quantity of the secretions. Only in the morning, sometimes there is a crust, which connects external opening of the urethra. Urine has a shade transparent, there may be purulent thread.
Chronic urethritis, which is manifested due to improper treatment or total lack thereof, the possible neurotic phenomena. Most often, this form of urethritis are present small discharge from the urethra. They were most abundant, subject to the availability of some of the factors that cause the worsening of the disease. Could be the excessive consumption of alcohol, agitation, and hypothermia. The symptoms of urethritis in the chronic form is often similar to signs of other types of urethritis.
Total urethritis is characterized by inflammation of the urethra as a whole. The symptoms of this form of the disease similar to the symptoms of prostatitis. It is important to bear in mind that, in the absence of treatment of the symptoms of the infection of the bladder can disappear on its own. However, with each exacerbation of the disease, the symptoms would be expressed even stronger. As a result, the patient may have serious complications of the urethritis.
Diagnosis of urethritis
For proper treatment it is necessary, in the first place, to correctly establish the diagnosis. First of all, the doctor is trying to figure out what causes led to the emergence of urethritis in a patient. Thus, in order to establish the causative agent of the disease, there are different laboratory tests (smear, DNA diagnostics, PCR). Often the doctor orders an ultrasound of the pelvic organs properly evaluate your condition. Guided by the results obtained, the patient is assigned to a particular therapy.
Treatment of the urethritis
For the treatment of the urethritis was the most effective, it is first necessary to determine that the infection triggers inflammatory processes of the urethra. In the treatment of cancer using the same regimen and for the treatment of candidiasis, chlamydia, gonorrhoea and other diseases of the reproductive system. To combat the pathogenic microorganisms use different drugs. First of all, the antibiotics and also remedies with anti-fungal and antiviral action.
It is important that the treatment of the urethritis has occurred simultaneously in both sexual partners due to the high probability of transmission during sexual intercourse.
And specific and non-specific urethritis are treated, guided by the same principles. This classification is important from the point of view of the specific selection of drugs for the treatment of urethritis, and also to understand if there is a need in the treatment of the partner of the patient.
If the patient is diagnosed with a combination of urethritis and cystitis, it is important to use an approach to complex treatment. The doctor is obliged to appoint application of physiotherapeutic procedures, as well as instillation of medications into the bladder and the urethra. The treatment process can last for several days or weeks, depending on the severity of the disease.
It is Important the right approach to treatment and the patient. Indeed, not only medication, but also prescribed by the doctor to the diet, abstinence from alcohol, drink plenty of fluids.
After the therapy, and all symptoms disappeared, should be mandatory to carry out the tests again to control the condition of the patient. This will help to ensure that the infection has been destroyed.