BPH in men: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis

In modern medicine are often confronted with cases of BPH. Symptoms, treatment, reviews men about the different methods of treatment this is important information, you need to see a representative of the male sex. After all, as soon as people pay attention to the symptoms and went to the doctor, the higher the likelihood that the disease will be able to cope without serious consequences.

Adenoma of prostate in men

General information about the disease. Statistics

Why develop BPH in men? Symptoms, treatment, reviews, or other procedures of therapy are described below. But first you should learn about General information.

The prostate is a gland unpaired organ that is located below the bladder, covering the initial parts of the urethra. Sometimes, for one reason or another begins unusual cell division of the prostate, which leads to a strong and fast growth of the connective tissue, increasing the size of the prostate, the formation of its tissues, nodules and other labels. In this case, and they say that the adenoma (by the way, in medicine to describe a disease often use the term "hyperplasia prostate").

The hyperplasia is a benign, but permanent increase in the size of the prostate overlaps the normal flow of urine from the bladder, which is dangerous dangerous complications. According to statistics, the disease is recorded more frequently in patients over the age of 50 years. Close to 90% of men over 80 suffer from some form of hyperplasia.

The main reasons for the development of an adenoma

In modern medical practice is very often, to register the incidence of BPH in men. Symptoms, treatment, reviews, or other methods of treatment of the information that is interested in each patient. But in the first place, it is necessary to understand the reasons for the development of the disease.

Unfortunately, the exact mechanisms of development of disease are not understood. However, risk factors exist and a list is available.

The first thing you need to remember about the age. As already mentioned, in the majority of cases, the problem faced by men over the age of 50 years. This is attributed to hormonal changes caused by aging, the testosterone level gradually decreases, but the number of sex hormones partially increases, which may affect prostate tissue. On the other hand, the adenoma may not be considered a natural part of aging. In addition, the problem faced and young, but they are much less likely.

Potentially dangerous is a sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work, as this leads to the stagnation of the blood in the pelvic area, resulting in tissues not receiving enough nutrients and oxygen.

There is a relationship between the development of hyperplasia and obesity. For this reason, doctors recommend to carefully monitor the body mass index.

The list of risk factors include poor diet, because it affects all organ systems and, again, often leads to obesity.

The connection between the development of hyperplasia and addictions, promiscuous was not found. However, statistical studies show that men are leading a healthy and active lifestyle, have this problem much less frequent.

Hyperplasia

What are the symptoms that accompany the disease?

Unfortunately, the first stage of development of the disease can be occur without any symptoms. But, little by little, violations occur, and their severity is getting more and more intense with the increase of adenoma. The disease, the symptoms are the following:

  • frequent urination, including at night;
  • urine flow becomes weak, often interrupted;
  • the bladder the person has of tension of the abdominal wall;
  • the urinary incontinence;
  • the loss of urine after emptying the bladder;
  • pain in the adenoma of the prostate are also present, especially if the disease is associated with inflammation and other complications;
  • urine often becomes cloudy, it is possible to notice the blood of impurities;
  • have problems with erections;
  • there is a feeling of emptying incomplete bladder.

The first stage of development of the adenoma: the main symptoms

The symptoms and the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia are closely related: the more expressed human concern for the patient, the more radical methods of treatment selected by the doctor. Of course, a clinical picture largely depends on the stage of development of the disease.

As already mentioned, the first stage of hyperplasia often occurs without any symptoms. If some signs appear, the patients tend to ignore them, attributing to a slight discomfort, as evidenced by numerous reviews.

Urine flow becomes slow. To empty, the man has to tension of the abdominal muscles. The patients have realized that the need to urinate more frequently, not only in the day time — people are forced several times to get up in the night, which, of course, affects the emotional state of the patient and the quality of the rest.

Characteristics of the clinical picture of the second stage

The second stage is accompanied by more pronounced symptoms. Emptying of the bladder, in accordance with the patients becomes a difficult task that a man has a constant tension that often leads to the development or the worsening of the hemorrhoid, the formation of hernias.

Urine flow becomes weak, often interrupted — completely empty the bladder fails, with the result that the liquid begins to stagnate, which can lead to the development of various inflammatory diseases. The night of the frequent urination, often patients note that wake up several dozens of times in the night.

Incontinence, loss of urine is another problem faced by men. Of course, this affects the emotional state and social activity of patients. They become more withdrawn, anxious, irritable.

The third stage

The symptoms of prostate

In the last stages of the disease is difficult to ignore. The wall of the bladder are stretched, which can lead to short-term relief (for example, the pain disappears and a constant feeling of incomplete evacuation).

However, the need to be emptied very often and be mandatory for the comments, man can not control or stop the process of urination. Incontinence is often so pronounced that the patient requires the installation of the urine-receiver or use diapers.

It is in this phase often develops kidney stones, various kidney damage (up to renal failure). In addition, there are systemic disorders that are associated with the disruption of the urinary system. Men tend to complain of dry mouth, the constant weakness, lack of appetite, loss of weight, constipation. In this stage, patients usually requires resection of the prostate. But even after properly performed surgery urinary problems, unfortunately, remain.

How dangerous is BPH? The list of possible complications

For months and often years, the disease occurs without any noticeable symptoms. This threat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Complications when left untreated can be extremely dangerous:

  • If the enlarged prostate gland constricts the urinary-excretory canal, and then develops acute retention urinary. Normally, this happens when they are exposed to certain risk factors that include errors in the diet, stress, nervous, hypothermia. Urine accumulates in the bladder, accompanied by pain in the pubic area. The man is unable to urinate. This is a medical emergency that requires medical assistance immediately for the resumption of the exit of the urine, we put a special catheter. If you do not perform the procedure in time, there is probability of damage or even piercing of the wall of the bladder.
  • Stagnation of urine creates ideal conditions for rapid population growth pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. Adenoma is often complicated by several infectious diseases of the bladder and the kidneys (for example, they can develop pyelonephritis).
  • Stagnant urine is often the cause of the formation of solid concretions in the bladder and urolithiasis.
  • The liquid accumulates in the cavity of the bladder, which leads to the stretching, the pathological changes, and sometimes damage to the walls of the body.
  • Increase of the pressure in the bladder affects the kidney condition — there is a widening of the ureters, cups and the pelvis. Severe forms of hyperplasia of the prostate can lead to renal failure.

It is for this reason that, in any case, you shouldn't ignore diseases such as adenoma of the prostate. The symptoms and treatment of, diagnosis and peculiarities of surgical intervention is the information that we need to see.

Diagnostic measures

To notice myself worrying symptoms, you must consult the specialist. In this case, it is mandatory a complete diagnosis, it is important not only to confirm the presence of hyperplasia, but also to determine the stage of their development, to see a patient for the presence of certain complications.

In the first place, of course, was to carry out a General examination, which involves palpation of the prostate during the procedure, the doctor may notice an increase and change in the structure of the body.

Laboratory tests at BPH are also necessary. Out biochemical analysis of blood, testing for the level of sex hormones. In addition, necessary laboratory examination of the urine, which helps to confirm the presence of inflammation in certain organs of the excretory system.

Is necessarily performed ultrasound of the prostate. During the procedure, the doctor can determine exactly the size of the gland, to detect the stones, to measure the amount of urine residual, to check the status of the urinary tract.

More accurate results are obtained by magnetic resonance imaging.

A biopsy of the prostate is appropriate if there is suspicion of the presence of a malignant process.

Treatment

Characteristics of medical treatment

Drug treatment of BPH (no operation) does not help to get rid of the existing hyperplasia is worth understanding. But with the help of properly selected medicine can not take control of the most pathological growth of the prostate tissue to relieve the discomfort and pain and normalize the functioning of the organs of the excretory system.

As a general rule, the BPH using alpha-blockers, inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase, inhibitors of muscarinic receptors. In addition, in the scheme of treatment include phosphodiesterase inhibitors fifth type, which help to eliminate problems with erections. This is a list of effective tools. Treatment of BPH includes a proper diet and regular exercises, which helps to restore normal blood circulation to the pelvic area.

Folk treatment of BPH

Sometimes drug therapy can be supplemented with herbal teas and other recipes of traditional medicine.

Effective is a decoction of the bark of aspen. In the case of BPH, this helps you to cope with unpleasant symptoms, in particular pain during bowel movements and urinary incontinence. To prepare the medicine, only 100 g of bark dry pour a liter of boiling water, and then keep on a low heat for 15-20 minutes. After the broth has cooled, you can drain. Folk healers recommend to take the medication each day (1 glass).

Patients with adenoma, it is advisable to include in the diet of pumpkin seeds — they should eat each day.

The drug can be prepared on the basis of the chestnuts peeled. 25 g of chopped peel pour one cup of alcohol and insist in a dark place for 10 days. You need to take one drop twice a day. Course of treatment has a duration of 20 days, after which we have to do ten days of rest.

Folk treatment of BPH are only possible with the permission of the doctor. Of course, the above tools can not replace a full medical therapy, they play a supporting role.

Measures of prevention

By following some simple guidelines that can reduce the likelihood of problems.

It is important to maintain a good physical shape, especially if we are talking about a man with the work sedentary or a sedentary lifestyle. This will help to prevent the stagnation of the blood in the pelvis and relieve the masses of potential problems.

Doctors are recommended to carefully control the body weight, as obesity is one of the risk factors.

Folk treatment of BPH

The diet is also important for the prevention. Need to give up fatty meats, limit the amount of consuming animal fats (e.g., margarine, butter, milk). Harmful are sweets and flour products, and alcohol.

It is necessary to abandon bad habits — have a negative impact on health.

At least once a year to undergo routine maintenance inspection. As soon as the disease is diagnosed, the better the chances of quick recovery without complications.

What to do for patients who have already discovered BPH? The symptoms and the treatment in this case related to the therapy it is better to start in the early stages of the disease. And to prevent the occurrence of complications (kidney stones, acute retention, urinary, etc.), it is necessary to refuse from spicy and spicy foods, alcoholic beverages (especially beer). In addition, patients should avoid exposure and the time to empty the bladder. It is Important to avoid constipation it is necessary to introduce in the diet of fiber, drink a lot of liquid and, if necessary, to take laxatives.

The appearance of any alarming symptoms — a reason to go to the doctor, get tested and pass several tests. You already know about the signs of BPH accompany that can not be ignored in any case.

21.08.2019