Urethritis in men, what is it? Symptoms and treatment

Urethritis in men and inflammatory disease of the walls of the urethra, which often causes various infectious factors bacteria, viruses, fungi or protozoa.

Urethritis in men

In addition to causes of infectious, inflammation can be caused by allergic, chemical or traumatic impact. Urethritis is accompanied by itching, discharge from the urethra, burning and pain. Without timely treatment, the disease leads to the development of cystitis, prostatitis or inflammation of the testicles and their appendages, and, in some cases, not cured urethritis can result in the reduction of the urethra.

For this reason, when the first symptoms of the infection, you should consult a specialist to prevent its progression.

What is it?

Urethritis - an inflammatory process that is localized in the urethra. The disease occurs often enough, regardless of gender and age. To clearly understand what urethritis in men, the treatment and the symptoms of this disease, they should have an idea of the anatomy of the urethra male.

Classification

Depending on the causes of urethritis in men are divided into infectious and non-infectious and infectious, in turn, gonococcal and non-gonococcal.

Non-gonococcal urethritis is divided into types according to the causative agent:

  • bacterial (caused by conditionally pathogenic microflora);
  • chlamydia;
  • Trichomonas;
  • mycotic (candidal, fungal);
  • virus;
  • tuberculosis;
  • ureaplasma;
  • mycoplasmal;
  • gardnerellosis;
  • mixed.

Noncommunicable urethritis in men may be of the following types:

  • allergic;
  • traumatic;
  • congestive (congestive).
urethritis

For the duration of the disease secrete fresh (acute, subacute and torpid) and chronic urethritis.

Depending on the location of the pathological process:

  • anterior urethritis – in the anterior urethra, i.e., located closer to the exit in the head of the penis;
  • rear – to the rear part of the urethra, that is to say, is located the closer to the bladder.

On the primacy of the development of the inflammatory process there are the following types of urethritis in men:

  • primary – when an infectious disease develops in the urethra;
  • secondary – when the infection in the urinary tract penetrating from adjacent organs, which are a focus of infection.

Most often the infectious agents get into the urethra from the bladder, prostate gland, where inflammation develops.

What are the causes of urethritis?

The main causes that cause development of urethritis in men doctors include:

  1. Diseases that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse without a condom (herpes, HPV, gonorrhea, Trichomonas, Ureaplasma, chlamydia, etc.). Basically, the inflammation of the urethra is only a symptom of the infections of this type.
  2. Violation of metabolic processes (especially in the pelvic area).
  3. The effects on the body of various toxic substances.
  4. Stagnant processes in the pelvic area. This leads to the development of congestive urethritis. The appearance of stagnation of venous blood is preceded by constipation, hemorrhoids, practice of the interruption of the sexual relationship.
  5. Allergy, which can cause the food, personal hygiene or taking medications.
  6. A large number of acidic and salty with lots of spices in the diet, which can irritate the mucous membranes.

Predisposing factors inflammation of the urethra are:

  • unprotected sex with carriers of the infection;
  • not observing the rules of personal hygiene;
  • the injury of urethra (including during medical procedures);
  • kidney stones;
  • the stagnation of the pelvic organs;
  • disorders of the metabolism;
  • hypothermia;
  • hypovitaminosis;
  • irrational nutrition;
  • allergic reactions;
  • urethral irritation from chemicals contained in the means for the care of the body, spermicide"s, condoms, etc.

Untimely or improper treatment of urethritis in men the most dangerous of the appearance of severe complications: pyelonephritis, cystitis, orchitis, balanoposthitis and prostatitis.

Treatment

The symptoms and the first signs of urethritis in men

With the development of the urethritis of the male companions of these symptoms:

  • low-grade fever;
  • urination;
  • inflammation of the urethra;
  • itching;
  • at the end of urination possible spots of blood in a small quantity;
  • the pain during urination;
  • cream;
  • the pain of a strong character in the urethra;
  • the allocation of purulent character of the urethra, which can have a color from yellow to green, and stand out in a large amount in the beginning of the inflammatory process.

This clinic develops regardless of what urethritis non-specific or specific. The only difference is that non-specific urethritis is confirmed when the samples for other infections not give a positive analysis.

The chronic process occurs extremely rarely and this happens in the background of these situations:

  • weak immune system of the patient;
  • prevalence of the pathological agent to other organs;
  • improper or insufficient treatment of urethritis in Stroy form.

Note: when the disease becomes chronic, the inflammation of the urethra takes place, and highlight the decrease. Often the man thinks that the disease has passed, but in reality the disease has moved to the latent phase. If you do not carry out the therapy, the strains of bacteria that have been installed in the gland of the prostate and seminal vesicles, in the end, will cause prostatitis, epididymitis, vesiculitis.

Complications

For the urethritis, the following types of events:

  1. In the absence of any treatment of the urethritis or if they are not properly treated the disease can move from acute to chronic.
  2. The incidence of prostatitis.
  3. Vesiculitis — that is the inflammation of the seminal vesicles.
  4. Orchitis — that is to say, inflammation of the testicle.
  5. Balanitis — inflammation of the skin on the tip of my penis.
  6. Balanoposthitis — that is to say, the inflammation of the inner layer of the foreskin.
  7. Reduction of the urethra, caused by the lack of adequate treatment of urethritis or in the chronic course of the disease. Advanced cases of stenosis require surgical intervention.

Is the number of complications of male urethritis is due to the fact that the inflammation of the urethra may reach other organs and start to develop: the scrotum, the bladder and the prostate gland can become victims of the urethritis. To avoid complications require special prevention of urethritis.

Diagnosis

The first is to consult a doctor-urologist, who will perform the inspection. If you have an infectious disease, then the patient is sent the consultation to the doctor. The patient is assigned to the following study:

  • it seems that for the analysis of urine and blood;
  • take a sample of the discharge from the urethra;
  • tests collect urine for bacterial culture and a nutrient medium;
  • ultrasound of the kidneys and the genitourinary system;
  • urethroscopy.
Bad habits

For the pathological test results indicate a significant excess of white blood cells and bacteria. If fungi are detected, then diagnosed with urethritis species of Candida. A diagnostic has been conducted studies that determined that the antibiotics will affect pathology. The full study allows the doctors to know how to treat the urethritis and that the drugs in use, so that therapy has a greater impact.

How to treat urethritis?

At home treatment of urethritis in men should be integrated. All procedures are performed on an outpatient basis, selected a drug specialist. The patient should carefully follow all the appointments and to comply with certain recommendations during treatment. These include:

  • temporary rejection of sexual contacts;
  • the strict observance of the rules of hygiene;
  • the execution of all the recommendations relating to the duration of the course of treatment and medication;
  • stop bad habits (alcohol, Tobacco);

A mandatory adjustment of the diet, aimed at the exclusion fatty, fried, spicy dishes, smoked products, marinades, pickles, carbonated beverages, in short all products that may increase the severity of the inflammatory process. The patient is recommended to drink more liquids, with respect to the day, to avoid the hypothermia, stress, and the influence of other negative factors.

On average, the treatment of virtually any form of urethritis takes several weeks. Treatment in any case, it is impossible to throw if signs of improvement and reduction of clinical picture of the disease. At the end of the treatment is the test smear from urethral canal to confirm the recovery.

What antibiotics prescribed for urethritis?

The cure of the urethritis in men appoints only the attending doctor after the examination, bacteriological and determination of the agent. Wrong selection of the drug can cause complications.

Often the antibiotics are used in the form of pills, injections, suppositories.

Chronic gonorrheal urethritis requires the introduction of antibiotics solution into the urethra. The therapy, which is complemented with the administration of drugs based on the hormones of the adrenal glands. Supplement therapy can be for the cleaning of the urethra with an antiseptic, the purpose of Immunostimulants, multivitamins (emphasis in vitamins A and E). Physical therapy is used outside of the acute phase – are held magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, laser treatment, treatment of ultra high frequency pulses.

Complementary therapies

In addition to the basic course of antibiotics, which act to suppress acute symptoms of the disease are common to other therapies, such as physiotherapy.

Local procedures which involve the introduction of drugs directly into the urethra. Local treatments give good results, that is a part of the treatment of the urethritis.

Physiotherapy treatment is used only in the chronic urethritis, inflammatory processes acute, are contraindicated. Assign electrophoresis, UHF, laser therapy, magnetotherapy. But all these methods require a systematic and competent medical supervision.

Api

Food

At home treatment of urethritis should be complemented with proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle. This is especially important when the infection in several organs simultaneously. Into account the following guidelines:

  1. Try to consume more foods that have anti-inflammatory action. These include carrots, celery, parsley, raspberry, and blueberry.
  2. Minimize the consumption of fat, too salty, spicy and smoked food.
  3. Try to drink plenty of clean water. This will help to reduce the concentration of bacteria harmful in the urine. This will lead to the weakening of the symptoms of the problem.
  4. To increase the immunity, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits. Drink fruit juices, jellies and compotes. Mandatory Part of the diet should be juice of blueberries and a cup of tea with rose hips.
  5. It is strictly forbidden the use of alcoholic beverages. Coffee, tea, and cocoa to drink occasionally in small amounts.
  6. You can't use the foods that have a urethra irritating. These include spices, herbs, garlic, onion, spinach, ben, and radishes.

Proper nutrition should be accompanied by moderate exercise and a complete rejection of bad habits. Try to spend more time in the open air.

Folk remedies

It is important to understand that to completely cure the disease folk remedies impossible. However, its use along with the medication helps to prevent relapse and accelerate recovery. This can be used decoctions and infusions of herbs that you can prepare at home:

  1. The infusion made from the leaves of black currant. This tool has an effect antiseptic and helps enrich the body with vitamins. To cook 3 tablespoons of dried leaves pour 250 ml of boiling water and insist to cool. After this infusion is filtered, and take 15 minutes before meals three times a day.
  2. A decoction of oak bark. This tool eliminates the pain and burning sensation, which appear at the time of urination. For cooking 1 tablespoon of raw materials, pour 250 ml of boiling water, and kept in a water bath for 20 minutes. After cooling, the decoction is filtered and accepted on 1 tablespoon before each meal. Use the broth also for baths of seat.
  3. Infusion of cornflower. To prepare 1 teaspoon of dried flowers pour 250 ml of boiling water and infused for at least 1 hour. After that, the medium is filtered and taken three times a day before meals for 2 tablespoons. Medicine helps to relieve swelling and normalize the microflora.
Infusion of cornflower

Prevention

The preventive measures are simple measures that can be practically zero in order to reduce the risk of any type of urethritis.

Avoid hypothermia and injuries of the penis. Lead a healthy lifestyle and let go of their bad habits, if any. In case of doubt on your partner, use barrier contraceptive that protect the body from sexually transmitted infections.

It is undesirable to have many partners for sex. Make sure to observe good personal hygiene, never use someone's underwear and toiletries.

05.07.2019