Urethritis in men and inflammatory disease of the walls of the urethra, which often causes various infectious factors bacteria, viruses, fungi or protozoa.
In addition to causes of infectious, inflammation can be caused by allergic, chemical or traumatic impact. Urethritis is accompanied by itching, discharge from the urethra, burning and pain. Without timely treatment, the disease leads to the development of cystitis, prostatitis or inflammation of the testicles and their appendages, and, in some cases, not cured urethritis can result in the reduction of the urethra.
For this reason, when the first symptoms of the infection, you should consult a specialist to prevent its progression.
Urethritis - an inflammatory process that is localized in the urethra. The disease occurs often enough, regardless of gender and age. To clearly understand what urethritis in men, the treatment and the symptoms of this disease, they should have an idea of the anatomy of the urethra male.
Depending on the causes of urethritis in men are divided into infectious and non-infectious and infectious, in turn, gonococcal and non-gonococcal.
Non-gonococcal urethritis is divided into types according to the causative agent:
Noncommunicable urethritis in men may be of the following types:
For the duration of the disease secrete fresh (acute, subacute and torpid) and chronic urethritis.
Depending on the location of the pathological process:
On the primacy of the development of the inflammatory process there are the following types of urethritis in men:
Most often the infectious agents get into the urethra from the bladder, prostate gland, where inflammation develops.
The main causes that cause development of urethritis in men doctors include:
Predisposing factors inflammation of the urethra are:
Untimely or improper treatment of urethritis in men the most dangerous of the appearance of severe complications: pyelonephritis, cystitis, orchitis, balanoposthitis and prostatitis.
With the development of the urethritis of the male companions of these symptoms:
This clinic develops regardless of what urethritis non-specific or specific. The only difference is that non-specific urethritis is confirmed when the samples for other infections not give a positive analysis.
The chronic process occurs extremely rarely and this happens in the background of these situations:
Note: when the disease becomes chronic, the inflammation of the urethra takes place, and highlight the decrease. Often the man thinks that the disease has passed, but in reality the disease has moved to the latent phase. If you do not carry out the therapy, the strains of bacteria that have been installed in the gland of the prostate and seminal vesicles, in the end, will cause prostatitis, epididymitis, vesiculitis.
For the urethritis, the following types of events:
Is the number of complications of male urethritis is due to the fact that the inflammation of the urethra may reach other organs and start to develop: the scrotum, the bladder and the prostate gland can become victims of the urethritis. To avoid complications require special prevention of urethritis.
The first is to consult a doctor-urologist, who will perform the inspection. If you have an infectious disease, then the patient is sent the consultation to the doctor. The patient is assigned to the following study:
For the pathological test results indicate a significant excess of white blood cells and bacteria. If fungi are detected, then diagnosed with urethritis species of Candida. A diagnostic has been conducted studies that determined that the antibiotics will affect pathology. The full study allows the doctors to know how to treat the urethritis and that the drugs in use, so that therapy has a greater impact.
At home treatment of urethritis in men should be integrated. All procedures are performed on an outpatient basis, selected a drug specialist. The patient should carefully follow all the appointments and to comply with certain recommendations during treatment. These include:
A mandatory adjustment of the diet, aimed at the exclusion fatty, fried, spicy dishes, smoked products, marinades, pickles, carbonated beverages, in short all products that may increase the severity of the inflammatory process. The patient is recommended to drink more liquids, with respect to the day, to avoid the hypothermia, stress, and the influence of other negative factors.
On average, the treatment of virtually any form of urethritis takes several weeks. Treatment in any case, it is impossible to throw if signs of improvement and reduction of clinical picture of the disease. At the end of the treatment is the test smear from urethral canal to confirm the recovery.
The cure of the urethritis in men appoints only the attending doctor after the examination, bacteriological and determination of the agent. Wrong selection of the drug can cause complications.
Often the antibiotics are used in the form of pills, injections, suppositories.
Chronic gonorrheal urethritis requires the introduction of antibiotics solution into the urethra. The therapy, which is complemented with the administration of drugs based on the hormones of the adrenal glands. Supplement therapy can be for the cleaning of the urethra with an antiseptic, the purpose of Immunostimulants, multivitamins (emphasis in vitamins A and E). Physical therapy is used outside of the acute phase – are held magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, laser treatment, treatment of ultra high frequency pulses.
In addition to the basic course of antibiotics, which act to suppress acute symptoms of the disease are common to other therapies, such as physiotherapy.
Local procedures which involve the introduction of drugs directly into the urethra. Local treatments give good results, that is a part of the treatment of the urethritis.
Physiotherapy treatment is used only in the chronic urethritis, inflammatory processes acute, are contraindicated. Assign electrophoresis, UHF, laser therapy, magnetotherapy. But all these methods require a systematic and competent medical supervision.
At home treatment of urethritis should be complemented with proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle. This is especially important when the infection in several organs simultaneously. Into account the following guidelines:
Proper nutrition should be accompanied by moderate exercise and a complete rejection of bad habits. Try to spend more time in the open air.
It is important to understand that to completely cure the disease folk remedies impossible. However, its use along with the medication helps to prevent relapse and accelerate recovery. This can be used decoctions and infusions of herbs that you can prepare at home:
The preventive measures are simple measures that can be practically zero in order to reduce the risk of any type of urethritis.
Avoid hypothermia and injuries of the penis. Lead a healthy lifestyle and let go of their bad habits, if any. In case of doubt on your partner, use barrier contraceptive that protect the body from sexually transmitted infections.
It is undesirable to have many partners for sex. Make sure to observe good personal hygiene, never use someone's underwear and toiletries.