The symptoms of infertility in men

The symptoms of infertility in men can be completely invisible, however, the inability to conceive a strong sex occurs almost as often as women. On the advice of doctors, after repeated unsuccessful attempts to conceive a child during the year should be reviewed to identify the causes and subsequent elimination. Often, the first doctor turns to the woman. Make sure that your reproductive system in order and ready to conceive a baby, the question arises against the partner. We consider the problem of male infertility, as well as the possible signs of this disease.

signs of infertility

Male Factor infertility

Infertility in men is congenital in nature or acquired. In the first case, this factor is usually attributed to various defects of the testes, such as cryptorchidism and hypogonadism or disorders in the development of the urethra, resulting in diagnosed with hypospadias and stricture. Congenital anomalies associated with the absence of the testes or other serious defects are not eligible for the treatment.

The causes of acquired inability to fertilize a lot, most often the problem occurs after a disease, we consider the following:

  • of sexually transmitted diseases: chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and others;
  • infectious diseases: mumps, brucellosis, typhoid fever.
  • endocrine disorders, leading to the death of the sperm and the failure of the testes to produce the new;
  • inflammation: urethritis, prostatitis, reducing the sperm motility;
  • varicocele– is accompanied by the dilation and the increased temperature in the testicles, that leads to damage and death of the seed;
  • inflammation of the prostate and ureters;
  • sexual symptoms: premature ejaculation, lack of erection or insufficient;
  • tumors in the testicles, in violation of potency;
  • chemical factor is the inhalation of vapours chemical.

Less common Causes include:

  • reduce the immunity;
  • the medication and steroids;
  • active sports;
  • fitting clothes;
  • frequent visits to the baths and saunas;
  • situations of stress and an emotional level;
  • the wrong way of life.

It is also important to take into account the psychological factor. Some men develop infertility on the psychological level. The reason for this may be the fear of responsibility, fear of living up to the expectations or subconscious wanting to have children.

Signs of infertility in men

Signs of male infertility, are often confused or non-existent. The main symptom is the lack of a wanted pregnancy in a healthy companion for the regular sexual intercourse throughout the year.

the symptoms of infertility

Therefore, the man will feel healthy and not know the problems with potency. In some cases, the symptoms are still there and can be directly related to infertility:

  1. Sexually transmitted infections, often accompanied by itching and problem with urination.
  2. An anomaly congenital manifested cryptorchidism absence of one or both testicles in the scrotum, which, in turn, it sees the end of a developed or asymmetric. Sometimes marked nagging pain in the abdomen.
  3. When a varicocele on the 2nd and 3rd phases of the disease can be a persistent pain and a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, discomfort during walking, also visible dilatation of the veins.
  4. Cause hormonal changes: obesity, inflammation of the breast and underdeveloped testicles.
  5. A condition in which men don't have sperm.

Indirect symptoms include:

  • erectile dysfunction;
  • a small amount of semen released during ejaculation;
  • delay or inability to reach orgasm;
  • pain during intimacy;
  • the discomfort and pain in the testicles and the scrotum;
  • frequent headaches.

Importantly, some diseases that lead to infertility, do not have symptoms. Among these: infectious disease type of mumps and typhoid fever, diseases of nature autoimmune, genetic, malformations and hormonal changes.

Diagnosis

With the aim of identifying the causes of infertility in men has to be examined, comprising:

  1. History – collection of information about the patient: their life-style, bad habits, diseases, disturbing symptoms, conditions, medications, the presence of problems of a sexual nature, and surgery.
  2. A General survey, during which the physician inspects the external genitalia to identify anomalies, tumors and inflammatory processes, and also calls attention to the external signs of physical development: body, skin, character of hair of the body.
  3. Semen analysis – laboratory examination of semen in order to assess the amount, color, odor, viscosity, count, motility, vitality and more.

When a witness is more a detailed analysis, including the ultrasound of the scrotum, a blood test for the determination of hormones, genetic studies, biopsy testicular, analysis of urine after the ejaculation, x-ray examination during which contrast medium is injected.

Prevention of male infertility

Sooner or later, almost every man wants to be a father, so that you need to take care of the health of the men and measures of prevention in order to increase the chances of conceiving a son:

  1. Since childhood you should see a urologist and try to protect themselves from infectious diseases.
  2. Exercise and do daily exercise.
  3. Lead a healthy lifestyle – refrain from Smoking and not abuse alcohol.
  4. Do not wear tight underwear and clothing.
  5. Not to exaggerate the saunas and baths – overheating is not desirable.
  6. Full eat – in the diet should be enough protein, vitamins and saturated fatty acids. Eat more fish, meat, fruits, vegetables, fruits, herbs and refrain from eating fast.
  7. Keep regular sex life, but avoid the promiscuity without protection.
  8. Adhering to a good sleep and rest.
  9. Try to avoid stressful situations and an emotional level.
  10. Avoid exposure to chemicals and toxins in the body.
infertility in men

Summary

Male infertility is most often not an independent pathology, but a consequence of infection, inflammation, poor lifestyle and other reasons. In the majority of cases, the impossibility of conceiving not manifest symptoms, the most important feature – the absence of the pregnancy of his partner for regulating the relations and the absence of the disease is the prevention of conception.

In other situations, the symptoms depend on the causes of the disease and manifests as problems with urination, drawing pains in the testicles, headaches, feeling of heaviness in the testicles, erection problems, discomfort and pain during sexual intercourse. In these cases, you need to consult a doctor and undergo a complete examination.

25.06.2019